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By M. L. Gulrajani

Using dyes and finishes has an important influence at the aesthetic attraction and performance of technical textiles. Drawing on key examine, Advances within the dyeing and completing of technical textiles info vital advances during this box and their diversity of functions. half one studies advances in dyes and colourants, together with quite a few practical dyes, the results they are often used to create and rules relating to their use. half is going directly to examine completing strategies, reminiscent of using enzymes, nanotechnology and speciality polymers.

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Novel quinazolinone-based mono azo reactive dyes have been synthesized, and their antimicrobial activities have been evaluated on various fibers [66]. 2 Natural dyes Many natural dyes are nontoxic and inhibit the growth of microorganisms. They have been investigated as functional antimicrobial dyes [67–71]. ) (Fig. 2e) which is widely used as a food colorant; it possesses several medicinal properties like anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and antitumor activities [72, 73]. It has been shown to have antibacterial activity on wool using the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus [74].

These pigments show strong color travel effects [21]. 4 Future trends Effect pigments in different formulations and energy saving in the manufacturing process with consistency using a crystal-engineering based approach are the thrust areas. 5 References [1] E. Podszus, Hartstoff-Metall AG, GB Patent 204,055, 1923. J. , US Patent 1,569,484, 1919. J. , US Patent 2,002,891, 1935. J. Maile, P. Reynders, Coating 34(5) (2001) 137. [5] G. Pfaff, P. Reynders, Chem. Rev. 99 (1999) 1963. J. Maile, P. Reynders, Eur.

Fiedorowicz F, Galindo J R, Julliard M, Mannoni P, and Chanon M, Photochem Photobiol 58, 356, 1993 55. Modica-Napolitano J S, Joyal J L, Ara G, Oseroff A R, and Aprille J R, Cancer Res 50, 7876, 1990 56. Lewis D M, and Broadlent P J, J Soc Dyers Colourists 113, 159, 1997 57. Chol H-M, Srinivasan M, and Morris N M, J Appl Polym Sci 54, 2107, 1994 58. Kim Y, and Sun G, Text Res J 70(8), 728, 2000 © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 72 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74.

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