By Mehler, Andreas.; Melber, Henning.; Walraven, Klaas van
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Additional resources for Africa Yearbook. Vol. 5, Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2008
On 12 December, the secretary general lent support to this view when he suggested that it was necessary and desirable that the US become a member of the HRC. His remarks were made at the HRC special session to mark the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The OHCHR human rights programme for Africa 2008–09 focused on assisting local, national and regional institutions to understand and respond to human rights concerns, increase the integration of human rights standards and principles into national legislation and policies, ensure the implementation of voluntary pledges by new HRC members and build on visits and recommendations by special procedures mandate-holders.
The meeting focused on a coordinated multisectoral response to the food crisis. Andreas Mehler, Henning Melber & Klaas van Walraven II. United Nations and Sub-Saharan Africa Even closer cooperation between the UN system and the AU marked the year. African leaders sought and enjoyed high-levels of attention on development needs and capacity for peacekeeping operations. There was a convergence around the idea that African actors should assume more ownership of and responsibility for the interconnected issues of development and security.
Among the most spectacular cases were the capture of a large Saudi-Arabian oil tanker (‘Sirius Star’) and of ‘Faina’, a Ukrainian ship transporting tanks and other arms to Mombasa (Kenya). Risks, insurance costs and protective measures significantly increased for merchant ships transiting through the Suez Canal and Red Sea from Europe to Asia or Southern Africa. The social acceptability of piracy among Somalia’s population apparently increased as the pirates largely redistributed the ransom money.