By Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko
The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key occasion of the 20 th century. The thirty ninth IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 thinking about reasons and results of this occasion and on shifts on the earth order that in its wake. This quantity is an attempt to chart those advancements in empirical and conceptual phrases. It has a spotlight at the lands of the previous Soviet Union but additionally explores pathways and contexts within the moment global at huge. The Soviet Union was once a whole scale test in growing another modernity. The implosion of this union gave upward push to new states looking for nationwide identification. At a time while a few observers heralded the top of historical past, there has been a rediscovery of historic legacies and a look for new paths of improvement around the former moment global. In a few elements of this international long-repressed legacies have been rediscovered. They have been occasionally, as in terms of nations in East vital Europe, equipped round thoughts of parliamentary democracy and its substitute by means of authoritarian rule in the course of the interwar interval. a few legacies mentioned efforts at constructing statehood within the wake of the 1st global struggle, others to nationwide upheavals within the 19th century and past. In crucial Asia and plenty of components of the Caucasus the cultural historical past of Islam in its diverse forms gave upward thrust to new markers of identification but in addition to violent contestations. In South Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have embarked upon extraordinarily varied, yet perpetually contingent, paths of improvement. Analogously center parts of the outdated union have passed through tumultuous, yet till the final 12 months and a part principally cold, variations. The crystallization of divergent paths of improvement within the biggest republics of that union, i.e. Russia and Ukraine, has ushered in divergent nationwide imaginations but in addition in sequence of bloody confrontations.
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Additional info for After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways
Russian affairs were also of great strategic interest to Weber. In fact, already his “Freiburger Antrittsrede” (Weber 1895) was imprinted with a worry for Germany’s large neighbour, who at the time also controlled most of Poland, which remained part of the Czarist Empire until the Brest-Litowsk peace treaty in 1918. In addition, Russia and Germany had several constitutional or rather pseudo-constitutional problems in common, so there is an aspect of s elf-understanding from a distance, namely that Russia serves as an Identity-Giving Other.
This is the topic of Hedvig Ekerwald’s contribution. Kris i Befolkningsfrågan (Crisis in the population question, 1934) was genuinely co-written (they reportedly rewrote each other’s chapters) and deals with the issue of reproduction in a sustainable welfare state. Alva Myrdal’s first book on her own, Stadsbarn (Urban children) from 1935 is important to the ensuing issue of socialization of children for the development of a nation. She makes a sociological analysis of urban families and she synthesizes influences from her teacher Piaget and German (Kindergarten) and American (Dewey) influences as well.
This interpretation of democracy was not so much about civic rights as it was about well-being. ” The problem was not only that democracy as a concept was being misÂ� understood or that the media manipulated the mass consciousness, scholars also did not provide the appropriate concepts to explain the difficulties and contradictions inherent in the process of building a democracy. As a result, post-soviet people felt they were dissatisfied with democracy while in reality they were not experiencing it at all.