By William L. Leap
Examines the variety of English in American Indian speech groups.
Read or Download American Indian English PDF
Best native american studies books
Being Lakota explores modern Lakota id and culture during the life-story narratives of Melda and Lupe Trejo. Melda Trejo, n? e crimson undergo (1939–), is an Oglala Lakota from Pine Ridge Reservation, whereas Lupe Trejo (1938–99) is Mexican and a long-time resident at Pine Ridge. of their 40 years jointly, the Trejos raised 11 teenagers, supported themselves as migrant staff, and celebrated their lives and cultural historical past.
It used to be at Wounded Knee, huddled below an evening sky lit by means of army flares and the searchlights of armored providers looking him out, that Vietnam vet Woody Kipp discovered that he, as an American Indian, had turn into the enemy, the Viet Cong, to a rustic that he had defended along with his existence. With candor, sour humor, and biting perception, this ebook tells the tale of the lengthy and tortuous path that led Kipp from the Blackfeet Reservation of his delivery to a bad second of counting on the plains of South Dakota.
The Allen web site in southwestern Nebraska has nurtured the curiosity of archaeologists and paleontologists with plentiful indicators of an extended historical past of human, animal, and environmental task. Douglas Bamforth focuses totally on Paleoindian land use represented through the Allen web site and the adjoining smaller websites jointly often called the drugs Creek Paleoindian websites.
This interdisciplinary learn deals a accomplished research of the French, Dutch and English colonization of northeastern North the USA through the early and center a long time of the seventeenth century. it's the first to pay critical cognizance to the eu fiscal and political elements which promoted colonization, arguing that its best determinant was once the asymmetric improvement of agricultural platforms in western Europe.
- Indian Diaspora: Voices of Grandparents and Grandparenting
- Killing for Land in Early California - Indian Blood at Round Valley
- No One Ever Asked Me: The World War II Memoirs of an Omaha Indian Soldier
- Murder State: California's Native American Genocide, 1846-1873
- O Brave New People: The European Invention of the American Indian
- Soul Talk, Song Language: Conversations with Joy Harjo
Extra info for American Indian English
Howard (1965: 7) reports: "As a result of their years in Oklahoma, [Southern Ponca] now speak English with a slight Southern accent, and this has affected their pronunciation of Degiha [the linguists' label for the Ponca ancestral language] as well. " To my hearing, this "slight Southern accent" is characteristic of the English of many people from north-central Oklahoma, whether Indian or non-Indian in background. It is not, however, uniformly characteristic of the English of all members of the tribe.
Some of these farmers lease land from the tribe or work for families who have negotiated those leases; in this sense, the checkerboard pattern of land usage found at Northern Ute is also present here. Other non-Indian families participate in Parker's commercial economy, either as owners of local businesses or as workers, as do the African Americans and East Asians who have also moved into this settlement in recent years. Parker is also the location of the schools (three elementary and two secondary) for Indian and non-Indian children on this reservation.
Common proficiency in English (though not necessarily the same English varieties) becomes the basis for communication between younger Isletas and Hispanics; whether this use of English as a nonpartisan, "neutral" code, instead of acquisition of some level of skill in each other's languages, has affected Isletan-Hispanic relations merits closer attention. Case Study 4: Colorado River Tribes (Southwestern Arizona, Southeastern California) I conclude these profiles of on-reservation/rural Indian speech communities by describing conditions on the Colorado River reservation, located on the border between Arizona and California.