By Tracy Anne Sachtjen
This venture brings jointly an research of nearby heritage, business capitalism, and U.S. empire to argue that ugliness---much greater than a personal difficulty among anyone and her mirror---became a style of justifying regulate over the folk and areas remodeled via the commercial tactics of nineteenth-century growth. This dissertation engages ugliness as a ancient formation to investigate how its repeated invocation in well known cultures supplied a simple avatar of bad distinction opposed to which a nationalist physique might be respected. Ugliness specified a physique so misplaced or outpaced by way of sleek beliefs that exclusion turned the answer to nationalized clash. during this approach, metaphors of visual appeal and aesthetic worth buttressed the present rhetoric of enlargement. This undertaking contributes to the learn of nationalist formation and embodiment by way of illuminating gender as a prop for racial abjection.
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Extra resources for American Ugly: Appearance and Aesthetics in Cultures of U.S. Nationalism, 1848-1915
But beyond any apparent ugliness in her contemporaries or in her family members, this preoccupation found broad expression throughout her writing. From fiction to histories, transforming an ugly into a beautiful appearance became the formula through which she represented the cultural and political work of American modernity. Taken together, the studies on Gertrude Atherton contribute much to the biographical knowledge of Atherton, including the influence she had on commercial beauty procedures, or the interest in California that she helped generate.
11 Carey McWilliams, North from Mexico: The Spanish-Speaking People of the United States (New York: Praeger, 1949), 37. For recent work on the Spanish heritage fantasy, see T6mas Almaguer, Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994); Michelle Habell-Pallan, "From the Shadows of the Spanish Fantasy Heritage to a Transnational Imaginary," in Loca Motion: The Travels of Chicana and Latina Popular Culture (New York: New York University, 2005), 15-42; Yolanda Venegas, "The Erotics of Racialization: Gender and Sexuality in the Making of California," Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 25 (2004): 63-89; David J.
In her indication that acculturation (however uneven) could work in California, Atherton matched the liberalism of an actual historical figure, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. Vallejo was a Californio land baron who founded Sonoma and then, like many of his class (and similar to Ruiz de Burton, as we will see), initially embraced unity with the United States in an effort to stabilize his pueblo. Vallejo, however, would be conned. He recorded his betrayal and imprisonment by Captain John Sutter in the Bear Flag Revolt of 1846, and his history of the state, Historical and Personal Memories Relating to Alta California (1875) displaces heroic Anglo American manliness.