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By Donald E. Pitzer

From the Shakers to the department Davidians, America's communal utopians have captured the preferred mind's eye. Seventeen unique essays the following reveal the relevance of such teams to the mainstream of yank social, spiritual, and monetary lifestyles. The members learn the ideals and practices of the main renowned utopian groups based ahead of 1965, together with the long-overlooked Catholic monastic groups and Jewish agricultural colonies. additionally featured are the Ephrata Baptists, Moravians, Shakers, Harmonists, Hutterites, Inspirationists of Amana, Mormons, Owenites, Fourierists, Icarians, Janssonists, Theosophists, Cyrus Teed's Koreshans, and Father Divine's Peace challenge. in keeping with a brand new conceptual framework often called developmental communalism, the booklet examines those utopian pursuits in the course of the process their development—before, in the course of, and after their communal interval. each one bankruptcy contains a short chronology, giving easy information regarding the gang mentioned. An appendix provides the main whole record of yankee utopian groups ever released. The participants are Jonathan G. Andelson, Karl J. R. Arndt, Pearl W. Bartelt, Priscilla J. Brewer, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Lawrence Foster, Carl J. Guarneri, Robert V. Hine, Gertrude E. Huntington, James E. touchdown, Dean L. may possibly, Lawrence J. McCrank, J. Gordon Melton, Donald E. Pitzer, Robert P. Sutton, Jon Wagner, and Robert S. Weisbrot.

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Prentice-Hall, 1971), 39-42. 2. , Backwoods Utopias: The Sectarian Origins and the Owenite Phase of Communitarian Socialism in America, 1663-1829, 2denl. ed. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970), although space given to the earlier, religiously oriented communities is limited. : Transaction, 1988). See also Mark Holloway, Heavens on Earth: Utopian Communities in America, 1680-1980, 2d ed. (New York: Dover, 1966); Donald F. Durnbaugh, "Work and Hope: The Spirituality of the Radical Pietist Communitarians," Church History 39 (1970): 72-90; Delburn Carpenter, The Radical Pietists: Celibate Communal Societies Established in the United States before 1820 (New York: AMS Press, 1975); David S.

In addition to the religious millenarian groups, three important secular communitarian efforts of the nineteenth century are assessed in this volume. Robert Owen, the wealthy cotton manufacturer who set up his model factory town at New Lanark, Scotland, dreamed of a New Moral World based on education, science, and the communal living he learned from the Shakers and Harmonists. He organized an influential but short-lived community at New Harmony, Indiana, during the mid-1820s that inspired twenty socialistic communities elsewhere in the United States and Britain.

It is known that when communal property holding was partially abandoned in 1698, Sluyter received a large and advantageous settlement and became a rich man before his death in 1722. By 1727 the community had been disbanded. 15 Some forty scholars from Europe arrived there in 1694, led by the youthful Johannes Kelpius (1673-ca. " The group had originally been gathered in Europe by the brilliant Johann Jakob Zimmermann (1644-93), noted for his achievements in theology, astronomy, and mathematics and for his attachment to the views of the theosophist Jakob Boehme (1575-1624).

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